Antibody Discovery and Screening
Mammalian Cell-Based Membrane Proteins Antibody Discovery & Screening! Applied StemCell provides Custom TARGATT™ Master Cell Generation in your cell lines, and ready-to-use TARGATT™ HEK293, and TARGATT™CHO to build protein libraries using site-specific transgene integration at a preselected safe harbor locus.
This is a fast, unique and efficient platform for biopanning, including bispecific mAbs, antibody discovery, antibody screening, membrane proteins, CAR-T cell screening, and for bioprocessing.
- Single copy integration
- Homogenous expression of protein variants
- Preselected safe harbor locus
- Stable protein expression
- Inducible expression compatible for membrane proteins (optional)
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TARGATT™ System in HEK293T Cells
Figure 1. Schematic representation of site-specific gene insertion using TARGATT™ Master Cell Lines. The TARGATT™ Master Cell Line is engineered with the attP landing pad (or docking site) at a preselected safe harbor locus (hROSA26). The TARGATT™ PhiC31 integrase catalyzes an irreversible reaction between the attP sites on genome and the attB sites on the donor vector, resulting in integration of a single copy of the GFP reporter gene at the locus.
Figure 2. GFP expression in hROSA26 locus in TARGATT™ HEK293T Master Cell Lines. The CAG-GFP vector was used to verify a fast knock-in in the TARGATT™-HEK293T Master Cell Line. An enriched GFP signal was shown under fluorescence microscopy. (Left) bright field microscopy. (Right) Immunofluorescence; GFP channel.
Figure 3. TARGATT™-HEK293T Master Cell Line transfected with donor plasmid containing GFP and attB. (a) Parental HEK293T cell line only (control); (b) Parental HEK293T cell line was transfected with donor plasmid containing GFP reporter by random insertion (+GFP); (c) TARGATT™-HEK293T Master Cell Line was transfected with GFP donor plasmid before ganciclovir (GCV) selection (GFP+); (d) TARGATT™-HEK293T Master Cell Line was transfected with GFP donor plasmid after GCV negative selection to eliminate clones without gene of interest (GFP+GCV). The data indicates that the TARGATT™-HEK293 Master Cell Line system provides a robust, fast and efficient integration platform for generating a uniform cell population with stable transgene expression in the hROSA26 locus. This platform paves the way for homogeneous expression of gene of interest and subsequent protein production.
TARGATT™ System in CHO Cells
Figure 4. TARGATT™-CHO Master Cell Line with GFP transgene integration into the hH11 locus. GFP signal was detected by fluorescence imaging after transfection with donor construct by random insertion in bright field (a) and GFP channel (b), and TARGATT™ integration plus GCV selection in bright field (c) and GFP channel (d).
Yes, we can generate a TARGATT™ Master Cell Line in your cell line of interest.
Yes, we can generate a TARGATT™ master cell line with a docking site at your locus of choice. We have already generated 2 master cell lines: HEK293T and CHO cell lines with docking site in hROSA26 and cH11 locus, respectively.
Yes. You can use the TARGATT™ system without ganciclovir selection. The TARGATT™ system has a >12% gene integration efficiency without ganciclovir selection and > 90% efficiency with ganciclovir selection, much higher than comparable technologies. Alternatively, if you require a higher efficiency but different selection criteria, we can replace the TK gene with other markers such as a fluorescent protein (GFP, YFP). After gene knock-in, you can select for “fluorescent protein-negative cells” using flow cytometry.
The TARGATT™ system shows consistent integration at different docking sites and in different cell lines. We have tested two TARGATT™ Master Cell Lines: HEK293T and CHO with docking site in different safe harbor loci, hROSA26 and cH11 respectively. Both lines have similar integration efficiencies before (>12%) and after (>90%) ganciclovir selection. However, the integration efficiency might also be related to integration site you choose. Our preliminary data showed that the integration efficiency is much higher (>40%) efficiency before ganciclovir selection) at human H11 site in HEK293T cell.
For 10 million cells at the rate of 12% stable knock-in before selection, you can get a 10^6 complexity in small scale. Although we have not tested in a large-scale population, it may be possible to get up to 10^8 complexity or more with the TARGATT™ system’s efficiency of gene integration.
The TARGATT™ Knock-in Master Cell Line Kit uses PhiC31 integrase to insert any gene of interest into a preselected intergenic and transcriptionally active genomic locus (hROSA26, hH11, or other pre-defined safe harbor loci). The TARGATT™ technology can be utilized for generating knock-in cell lines and libraries for a variety of applications including reporter gene expression, gene knockdown, conditional/ inducible gene expression, gene overexpression, expression libraries for antibody discovery, antibody screening, bioproduction of recombinant protein, and disease modeling.
Comparing TARGATT™ with lentivirus-based mammalian cell libraries
Figure 1. Schematic representation of a lentiviral method of generating a mammalian cell library.
Figure 2. Schematic representation of the TARGATT™ method of generating a mammalian cell library. The process is very similar to lentiviral library but more efficient.
Applications for Cell-Based Library Screening
Antibody discovery/ antibody screening:
- Biopanning (scFv screening)
- Off-target screening with membrane protein library
Immuno-oncology (CAR-T cells):
- CAR affinity/ efficiency screening
- CAR specificity screening for safety assessment
- “Universal” CAR-T cell
- Novel immune target discovery: biomarkers and checkpoints
- Ion channels
- Enzyme activity and specificity
- AAV capsid specificity and efficiency
- Off-target screening
- Non-membrane, non-secretary protein library
- Deep mutational scanning
TARGATT™ Technology Applications:
- SITE-SPECIFIC INTEGRATION OF TRANSGENES (Patent Pending)
- NOVEL INTEGRATION SITES AND USES (Patent Pending)
- Venken, K. J. T., Sarrion-Perdigones, A., Vandeventer, P. J., Abel, N. S., Christiansen, A. E., & Hoffman, K. L. (2016). Genome Engineering: Drosophila melanogaster and beyond. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Developmental Biology, 5(2), 233–267.