Animal Models

  • CRISPR Mouse Models

  • Mouse Repository

    • Humanized PBMC and HSC CD34+ Mouse Models

      Human peripheral blood mononuclear cell-engrafted M-NSG mice are perfect models for short-term experiments requiring mature T cells, including immuno-oncology, and GVHD research.

      Are you looking to further your preclinical studies and begin your in vivo efficacy, safety, and toxicity experiments? Applied StemCell now supplies research-ready humanized PBMC and CD34+ reconstruction mouse models ideal for infectious disease, gene therapy, hematopoiesis, drug target, and immunogenicity studies. Our humanized models are generated using our M-NSG  mice through the injection of healthy human donor peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) or CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). After a few weeks of reconstruction following the injection of PBMCs or CD34+ HSCs, the mice develop a human-like immune system and are ready to be shipped. 

      ASC offers ready-to-use Hu-PBMC and Hu-CD34+ Models that can be shipped directly from our US, AAALAC accredited facility.

      • Affordable
      • Created in the U.S.A.
      • In vivo efficacy, safety, and toxicity testing services with PBMC or CD34 humanized mice are available – Inquire or visit our in vivo assay page


    • Immunodeficient Mouse Models : NMG Mouse Models

      Applied StemCell offers a variety of immunodeficient mouse models, including our proprietary NMG (NOD-scid: non-obese diabetic severe combined immune deficiency, gamma), RAG1, RAG2 knockout (KO) models and more. Our NMG mice lack mature T cells, B cells, and functional NK cells.

      • Highest degree of immunodeficiency
      • Excellent tumor xenograft (PDX & CDX) models with minimal immune rejection
      • Ideal recipient for human immune reconstitution (humanized mice). Ex. hPBMC/ hHSC engraftment
      • Applications include immuno-oncology, immunodeficiency, inflammation, transplantation and immune mechanism
    • Human ACE2 Mice for COVID-19 Research

      Humanized ACE2 Mouse Models Available Now

      To aid the global research efforts to find a solution to the COVID-19 pandemic, Applied StemCell has leveraged its site-specific TARGATT™ knockin technology to engineer two fully humanized ACE2 (hACE2) mouse models with lung epithelium-specific expression driven by the K18 promoter. These TARGATT™ hACE2 mouse models have the K18-hACE2 transgene integrated into a preselected, well-characterized safe harbor locus (genomic hotspots): mH11 or mRosa26 and might be more representative to model the severity of the SARS-CoV-2 infection. The TARGATT™ hACE2 mouse models are ideal to help understand the severe pathogenesis of COVID-19, and to evaluate the efficacy of antiviral drugs and vaccines.

    • Immune Checkpoint Mouse Models

      Worldwide shipping! 

      Applied StemCell’s off-shelf mouse catalog offers >100 humanized immune checkpoint mouse models, with single, double, and triple humanized gene models.

      • Knock-in of humanized counterparts of immune checkpoint gene into the endogenous locus.
      • Proprietary human transgene knock-in strategy to enable screening of many different antibodies and immuno-therapy compounds.
      • In vivo and in vitro validated for physiological expression of human version of the genes (in-house and through collaborators).
      • Fully functional murine immune system  
      • The humanized immune checkpoint mice have been generated in the most widely used C57BL/6J background used in immunology and oncology studies.
      • Ideal for immunology and antibody/ immuno-oncology therapy efficacy studies and drug discovery research.


      Antibody Efficacy Testing Service

      Leverage ASCs cost-effective evaluation of in vivo efficacy and fast timelines to screen your early-stage lead antibodies using our antibody efficacy testing platform:

      Workflow includes:

      • Project Proposal: details on the test antibody (and positive and negative control), project design, scope of the project
      • Receive antibody(ies) from client
      • Tumor cell implantation and development in humanized immune checkpoint mouse models (mean tumor size reaches 100-150 mm^3)
      • Administration of antibodies to humanized immune checkpoint mouse tumor models
      • In vivo evaluation of antibody efficacy: tumor size and body weight, twice a week for 3-4 weeks
      • Final report with data and figures
        • Report will include comprehensive information about experimental/ project outline, project schedule, survey notes, raw data for efficacy parameters measured/ endpoints, calculated/ integrated results, raw and integrated figures (graphs and other figures corresponding to endpoint measurements).

      * Endpoint: Tumor burden should not exceed 10% of the animal’s bodyweight. The study will be terminated with euthanizing all animals when the mean tumor volume reaches about 3000 mm^3.

      Optional post-mortem tests include: Blood RT/Biochemical analysis; FACS analysis on PBMC (including CBA); serum/ plasma preparation and then ELISA, MSD or WB analysis, qPCR,WB, IHC, IF, TILs analysis

      Timeline: 2-3 months after receipt of antibodies


    • Cre Mouse Models


      The Cre-Lox system is a powerful gene manipulation tool that enables controlled gene expression in a specific tissue or by induction in mouse models. Such controlled/ conditional gene expression or ablation enables deeper study of gene function without problems such as artificial phenotype(s) and embryonic lethality.

      Applied StemCell offers several ready-to-use, mouse models expressing Cre recombinase under the control of various tissue-specific and/or inducible promoters as well as Cre-reporter mice:

      • Well-characterized Cre driver mouse lines
      • Generate temporal and/or spatial control of gene expression mouse models
      • Breed with your loxP floxed mice or we can generate a custom floxed mouse for you using our PrimeCKo™ Conditional Mouse Model Generation Service; in your facility or ours

      Available Cre Mouse Lines

      Cre-Mouse Lines
      Alb-(CreERT2) Cdkn2a-(Luc-tdTomato-CreERT2)
      Isl1-(CreERT2) Pdx1-(Avi-CreERT2)
      Map2-(CreERT2) Lyz2-(CreERT2-EGFP)
      Dppa3-(Cre) Piezo1-(CreERT2)
      Cyp2e1-(CreERT2) Tyr-(CreERT2)
      Il17a-(CreERT2) Slc17a6-(CreERT2)
      Myh6-(Cre) Amhr2-(Cre)
      Epcam-(CreERT2) Cd68-(CreERT2)
      H11-(ddCre) Krt5-(2A-CreERT2)
      Kit-CreERT2 Ctsk-(2A-Cre)
      Nphs2-CreERT2 Krt14-(CreERT2)
      Aplnr-CreXER2 Adgre1-(2A-CreERT2)
      Foxl1-CreERT2 Ncr1-(2A-iCre
      Hey2-CreERT2 Ly6a-(2A-iCre)
      Cdh5-(rtTA-tetO-Cre) Csf1r-(IRES-iCre
      Col1a1-e(TetO-GFPCre-M2rtTA) Sst-(IRES-Cre)
      Drd1-(2A-CreERT2-WPRE-pA) Afp-CreERT2
      Cd2-(2A-CreERT2-WPRE-pA) Amhr2-Cre
      Lyz2-(2A-CreERT2-WPRE-pA) Lrat-(2A-Cre)
      Sftpc-(IRES-CreERT2) Ucp1-(CreERT2)
      Zbtb46-(2A-CreERT2-WPRE-pA) Epx-(iCre)
      Tie1-(2A-Cre) Ucp1-(Cre)
    • Cytokine Mouse Models


      Cytokines are cell-to-cell signaling proteins that play a central role in immune development and responses, and its dysregulation is associated with a several diseases such as autoimmune and inflammatory disorders, chronic infections and even cancer. Applied StemCell offers research-ready, mouse models expressing humanized cytokine genes for studying the underlying mechanisms of immune response and inflammation as well as for immunotherapy and oncology efficacy studies and drug screening.

      • Knock-in of humanized counterparts of cytokine gene(s) into the endogenous locus.
      • In vivo and in vitro validated for physiological expression of human version of the genes (in-house and through collaborators).
      • Mouse models generated in the widely used C57BL/6J background.


      Cytokine Mouse Models

      Model Name Genes Gene Synonyms Human Orthologs
      IL4RA-HU Il4ra Il4r; CD124 IL4R
      IL17A-HU Il17a Il17 IL17A
      IL6R-HU Il6ra CD126, IL-6R IL-6R
      IL6-HU Il6 Il-6 IL6
      IL9-HU Il9 P40, Il-9 IL9
      IL23A-HU Il23a p19, IL-23 IL23A
      Il5-HU Il5 Il-5 IL5
      IL17F-HU Il17f C87042; IL-17F IL17F
      IL3-HU Il3 BPA; PSF; HCGF; Il-3; MCGF; Csfmu IL3
      IL6&IL6R-HU Il6; Il6ra Il-6; CD126, IL-6R IL6; IL-6R
      IL7-HU Il7 Il-7; hlb368; A630026I06Rik IL7
      IL3-HU Il3 BPA, Csfmu, HCGF, Il-3, MCGF, PSF IL3
      IL1B-HU Il1b Il-1b; IL-1beta IL1B
      IL2-HU Il2 IL-2 IL2
      IL17RA-HU Il17ra Il17r; Cdw217; VDw217; AW538159 IL17RA
      IL5RA-HU Il5ra Il5r; CD125; CDw125 IL5RA
      IL2RA-HU Il2ra CD25; Il2r; Ly-43 IL2RA
      IL3&CSF2-HU Il3; Csf2 BPA, Csfmu, HCGF, Il-3, MCGF, PSF; CSF; Csfgm; GMCSF; Gm-CSf; MGI-IGM IL3; CSF2
    • Other Gene Edited Mouse Models (KO, CKO)


      With 13+ years of experience in genetically engineering mouse models (GEMM), Applied StemCell offers a wide-range of ready-to-use, constitutive knockout (KO) and conditional knockout (CKO) mouse models targeting various genes, with some very unique models available only here. Our GEMM catalog also includes reporter/ tag knock-in, inducible expression mouse models and other tool mice, to expand the scope of your research and screening applications.

      • Genetically validated models
      • Majority of the lines are in the C57BL/6 background
      • Facilities operated under the strict AAALAC, SPF and IACUC guidelines
      • Can be shipped worldwide
      • Valuable research tools for genetics research, disease modeling and drug screening
  • Rat Models

    • PrimeCKO™ Conditional Knockout Rat Models

      Applied StemCell can generate custom conditional knockout rat models using CRISPR/Cas9 or other suitable gene-editing techniques to insert the 5’ and 3’ flanking LoxP sequences into the endogenous locus of your gene of interest. These conditional knockout rats can be bred with commercially available Cre expressing rats or custom-engineered Cre expressing rats to generate your rat model with precise control over where and when your gene is knocked out.

      ASC offers Bacterial Artificial Chromosomes (BACs) to generate rat models. BACs are ultra-low copy vectors that hold up to 300 kb of genomic fragments.

      • High-quality service
      • F1 breeding for germline transmission
      • Customized projects for in vivo assessments (automated behavior/ locomotor activity, EEG/ ECG, and pharmacokinetics) as well as in vitro evaluations (electrophysiology, immunohistochemistry & other biochemical assays
    • knockout Rat Model Generation

      Applied StemCell offers Knockout Mouse Model Generation for engineering constitutive gene deletion or mutation (frameshift) to render a gene of interest non-functional. Applied StemCell offers high-quality custom genetically engineered mouse model (GEMM) generation services operated out of vivarium in AAALAC-accredited facilities with strict IACUC oversight. Our knockout mouse model protocols are very optimized and efficient to offer a >97% success rate. Order projects with us a stress-free research animal model generation that will suit your basic research and drug development needs.

      Key Features:

      • Up-to-date CRISPR design strategies
      • 100% target-site cutting efficiency using validated gRNA
      • Highly successful at generating final rat model
      • Wide variety of genome modifications are available
      • F1 breeding to confirm germline transmission
      • Animal IP belongs to researchers
      • Electrophysiology and behavioral assessments for your rat models
    • Quick Knockout Rat Models

      With the need for physiologically relevant animals models on the rise for more predictive research findings, genetically engineered rat models are becoming increasingly popular. Get ahead of your competition by leveraging Applied StemCell’s expertise in CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing technology and animal model engineering to generate the ideal knockout rat model to meet your specifications and budget.

      • Global leader in genetically engineered rat models (Nature article, “CRISPR mouse model boom, rat model renaissance”)
      • Detailed discussion to understand project requirements, optimal project design for precise genetic modification, and dedicated project management for timely updates

    • Knockin Rat Model Generation

      Rat models are very important models for specialized research where mouse models are not quite representative of the human physiology or behavior. Like mouse models, targeted genetic engineering in rat models has been revolutionized with CRISPR/Cas9 and other technologies (TALENs and ZFNs). Applied StemCell offers knockin rat model generation using CRISPR/Cas9.

      • Highly optimized and efficient protocols
      • High-efficiency gRNA for high Cas9 target cutting efficiency
      • In vivo gRNA validation 
      • F1 breeding to confirm germline transmission
      • Dedicated project management and timely milestone and final reports
    • Point Mutation Rat Model Generation

      Point mutation mouse models are generated by inserting or replacing in one or more variant nucleotides in selected gene(s). These models are very important to study the importance of specific nucleotides or amino acids in gene expression or protein function and for disease modeling. As one of the earliest providers of CRISPR-based custom mouse model generation services, Applied StemCell can generate defined constitutive or conditional point mutation knock-in models using CRISPR/Cas9. We can generate your point mutation founders/ F1 germline transmitted animals using our optimized and efficient protocols, with a high success rate. All mouse models are generated in our facilities under AAALAC accreditation and IACUC oversight. We can also ship animals worldwide or as cryopreserved embryos.

      • Highly optimized and efficient protocols
      • High-efficiency gRNA for high Cas9 target cutting efficiency
      • In vivo gRNA validation 
      • F1 breeding to confirm germline transmission
      • Dedicated project management and timely milestone and final reports
    • Bacterial Artificial Chromosome (BAC) Knock-in and Conditional Knock-In Rat Models

      Bacterial Artificial Chromosomes (BACs) are ultra-low copy vectors that can hold up to 300 kb of genomic fragments, making them ideal vectors for the introduction of entire genes including the regulatory regions into the rat genome. BAC transgenic rats are similar to other knock-in models in the expression pattern of the gene of interest, except that the BAC is randomly integrated into the genome as a transgene. Applied StemCell can create BAC knock-in and conditional knock-in rat models for you.

      Our services include:

      • BAC design and cloning strategy
      • Cloning and sequence validation of the BAC tailor-made to your specifications
      • Pronuclear microinjection of BAC into rat embryos
      • Genotyping

      Alternatively, you can choose to have us do the BAC modification strategy and cloning, and you can do the pronuclear injections and transgenic rat screening yourself.